I still view both Utilitarian and Kantian ethics as demanding, but after reading your post, I strongly favor Kantianism as Utilitarianism is far too demanding.
But in reality, we often face situations where we need to adapt and be malleable and thus this calls for an ethical stance which may comprise of an amalgamation of the two theories and maybe more. The hospital does not support passive euthanasia, and the court ruled in support of the hospital.
Better still, an individual would choose an action that would yield high quality pleasure Joseph Shapiro November 6, at 7: According to Thiroux and KrasemannKant never distinguished between making an exception to a rule and qualifying that rule pp.
For instance, it would be wrong to make false promises because we would be treating others as merely a means and not respecting them as persons with intrinsic value. Mill is one of the philosophers who described the moral theory of utilitarianism, an ethical view that can help an individual in making decisions.
Maxwell Solasz October 21, at 6: Moreover, what if we are not capable of reasoning well? Such a being is thus an object of respect and, so far, restricts all arbitrary choice.
This is a system that aims to create a happier life for all individuals in a situation. As people have commented previously, the best solutions to issues and dilemmas can be found by combining the different theories. Now, I say, man and, in general, every rational being exists as an end in himself and not merely as a means to be arbitrarily used by this or that will.
I believe that every theory has loopholes. He opined that duty was the only reason that should motivate an ethical action Abel Finally, Utilitarianism asserts that an action is good only if it promotes the greatest happiness for the greatest amount of people.
Jialin Yu November 5, at Slavery, abuse, bullying, rape, and murder can be justified under utilitarianism. Taking the categorical imperative in terms of being able to act in ways that can, without contradiction, become a universal law, if one were to universalize killing another person — which is the fundamental act in euthanasia — this would result in a practical contradiction.
And if one were to make an exception in this case, what would then prevent us from making exceptions in other cases? Deliberately killing another person is presumed by most rational people as a fundamental evil act.
So, in applying the Utilitarian principle to this case, the greatest happiness for the greatest amount of people occurs when the person is dead. Also contrary to Utilitarianism, Kantianism asserts that the moral worth of an action should be judged on its motive and the action itself, and not on its consequences.
Leave a Reply You must be logged in to post a comment. Utilitarianism demands us to drop all pursuits and pleasures in an attempt to maximize overall utility.
In the example above, it can be said that the utilitarianism answer seems intuitively right because there is no reason why you should be honest to the Japanese soldiers, as their only motive is to harm Mr. This I will call the principle of autonomy of the will in contrast to all other principles which I accordingly count under heteronomy P.
According to this second formulation of the categorical imperative, we should treat people with fundamental dignity and respect. Therefore, we have the duty of being good to all persons.
Rational beings, on the other hand, are called persons because their nature already marks them out as ends in themselves, that is, as something which ought not to be used merely as a means. According to Utilitarianism, ethics is primarily an empirical science; essentially implying that the moral standard must be based on human experiences, and not abstract principles that are largely impractical.
You might be ruled by passion, by desire, by the wish for happiness, etc.
He formulated two different versions of the categorical imperative. And our autonomy gives us dignity and worth beyond all price. With Utilitarianism, the significant flaw in their position lies in the fact that it is built on the false assumption that the consequences of actions can be predicted, when in actuality they cannot.
Making false promises is wrong and therefore could not be a universal law, because every rational being would not adopt this as a principle of action.
Only by following the absolute dictates of reason which is the source of will do we arrive at the moral law, since will is a kind of reason, following the dictates of reason means following the dictates of will itself.
Thus, in the context of the case mentioned in the introduction, the Utilitarian position on euthanasia would go something as follows: Thus, under the utilitarian system, keeping the person alive in this scenario would have been the morally justified act, whereas killing the person would not have been.
Kantianism is the philosophy of Immanuel Kant. According to Kant, the value of human beings is absolute and all us must try to further the interests of others and treat them with respect. According to this moral theory, decisions should have a basis on the benefits they can offer to the society Utilitarianism vs.
Kantianism According to Thiroux and Krasemann (), utilitarianism is, “a normative ethical theory originally established by Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill that advocates brining about good consequences or happiness to all concerned” (pp.
). Utilitarianism is commonly found in two forms: act utilitarianism and rule utilitarianism. Act utilitarianism essentially states that everyone should perform that act which will bring about the greatest good for everyone affected by the act. Feb 06, · bentham, ethics, final paper, kant, kantian, morality, philosophy, Utilitarianism Last semester, I was assigned to write a final paper on Utilitarianism and Kantian Ethics for my Philosophy class.
I had to study and evaluate the work of two philosophers named Jeremy Bentham and Immanuel Kant. Is rule-utilitarianism preferable to act-utilitarianism Essay Words | 8 Pages.
Is rule-utilitarianism preferable to act-utilitarianism? Classical utilitarianism is a normative ethical theory which holds that an action can only be considered as morally right where its consequences bring about the greatest amount of good to the greatest number (where 'good' is equal to pleasure minus pain).
Utilitarianism v Kantianism Ethics can be defined as “the conscious reflection on our moral beliefs with the aim of improving, extending or refining those beliefs in some way.” (Dodds, Lecture 2) Kantian moral theory and Utilitarianism are two theories that attempt to answer the ethical nature of human beings.
Kantianism, Act Utilitarianism, Rule Utilitarianism, Social contract and relativism are the key ethical theories which are explained in depth with examples.
Moreover; there are many ethical and moral issues which has increased due to advancement and changes in technology over time (Korac-Kakabadse ).Download